Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, which is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a fantastic several Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century These are instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variants in fashion including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) More or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've at times provided the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short costume top over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas may these days make reference to Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.